Crypto Mining Taxes: 2023 Ultimate Guide

Crypto Mining Taxes 2023 Ultimate Guide

Learn about the tax implications of cryptocurrency mining. Discover how the Antminer L7 can impact your taxes. Stay compliant and informed.

Although cryptocurrency mining has gained popularity, it’s crucial for miners to comprehend the tax repercussions of their operations. The important factors for cryptocurrency miners will be covered in this guide, with a particular emphasis on the Antminer L7 and its function in mining operations.

Tax Implications of Cryptocurrency Mining

For those who are new to mining, the tax ramifications of cryptocurrency mining can be confusing and complex.

Start with the fundamentals. Both your cryptocurrency holdings and any cryptocurrency income must be reported to the IRS. Gains you realize from mining cryptocurrencies or from purchasing them are all regarded as taxable income, though the exact rules governing their taxation vary depending on how you acquired them. Different tax and reporting requirements apply to cryptocurrency you earn through mining versus cryptocurrency you buy as an investment.

Crypto Mining Taxes 2023 Ultimate Guide

How is Cryptocurrency Taxed?

First off, you don’t owe taxes on crypto if you’re merely “hodling,” as aficionados would say. However, you might have to pay taxes on any cryptocurrency income you receive, whether it be from staking, lending, or selling.

All cryptocurrencies are regarded as capital assets by the IRS, and as a result, when you sell them for a profit, you must pay capital gains taxes. This is precisely what occurs when you sell more conventional securities, like stocks or funds, for a profit.

Say you spent $1,000 to purchase $1,000 worth of Ethereum, then you later sold those same coins for $1,600. Your taxes will require you to disclose that $600 capital gain. The amount of taxes you owe are determined by how long you held your coins.

The $600 gain would be taxed as a short-term capital gain if you had only held your ETH for a year or less. Due to the fact that short-term capital gains are taxed at the same rate as regular income, your tax rate is based on your AGI.

The top rate for federal income tax brackets is 37%. You would have needed to have made more than $539,900 as a single filer last year to put yourself in the top tax bracket for taxes due in 2023 on income from 2022.

2022 Federal Income Tax Brackets (Taxes Due in 2023)

Tax rateSingleMarried filing jointlyMarried filing separatelyHead of household
10%Taxable income of $0 to $10,275Taxable income of $0 to $20,550Taxable income of $0 to $10,275Taxable income of $0 to $14,650
12%Over $10,275 but not over $41,775Over $20,550 but not over $83,550Over $10,275 but not over $41,775Over $14,650 but not over $55,900
22%Over $41,775 but not over $89,075Over $83,550 but not over $178,150Over $41,775 but not over $89,075Over $55,900 but not over $89,050
24%Over $89,075 but not over $170,050Over $178,150 but not over $340,100Over $89,075 but not over $170,050Over $89,050 but not over $170,050
32%Over $170,050 but not over $215,950Over $340,100 but not over $431,900Over $170,050 but not over $215,950Over $170,050 but not over $215,950
35%Over $215,950 but not over $539,900Over $431,900 but not over $647,850Over $215,950 but not over $323,925Over $215,950 but not over $539,900
37%Over $539,900Over $647,850Over $323,925Over $539,900

The long-term capital gains rate would apply if you held your ETH for a year or longer before selling them for a profit. Although it depends on your AGI, for many filers, this rate is less than regular income taxes.

2022 Long-Term Capital Gains Tax Rates (Taxes Due in 2023)

Tax filing status0% rate15% rate20% rate
SingleTaxable income of up to $41,675$41,676 to $459,750Over $459,750
Married filing jointlyTaxable income of up to $83,350$83,351 to $517,200Over $517,200
Married filing separatelyTaxable income of up to $41,675$41,676 to $459,750Over $459,750
Head of householdTaxable income of up to $55,800$55,801 to $488,500Over $488,500

How to File Your Crypto Taxes in 2023

Your use of virtual currencies during the year is now a question on the common Form 1040 tax return. The current 1040 includes this question: “Did you ever receive, sell, send, exchange, or otherwise obtain a financial interest in any virtual currency during the course of 2022?”

The sale of a cryptocurrency qualifies as a taxable transaction, even though purchasing it alone is not a taxable event.

Keep Records

You need to keep track of all your cryptocurrency transactions, including the price you paid for the currency, how long you held it, and the price you received when you sold it. You should also keep the receipts for each transaction. The cryptocurrency’s fair market value at the time it was used or sold must also be recorded.

The cost basis or the initial amount you paid for your cryptocurrency may not be recorded by your crypto exchange if you transfer coins between offline cold wallets and your account, even though it may provide a 1099-B to the IRS and you detailing your cryptocurrency transactions.

For tracking your cryptocurrency transactions and completing the forms required to file your cryptocurrency taxes, use programs like Koinly and Cointracker that connect to exchanges and digital wallets.

Fill Out Tax Forms

You’ll need to complete specific tax forms based on how you used your cryptocurrency once you have a record of your cryptocurrency transactions. The forms that you might need to fill out are shown below.

  • Form 1040. You will file your annual income taxes using this standard form. You can report your total cryptocurrency gains or losses on the form’s line for that information.
  • Form 1099-NEC. You may be required to complete this form if you receive cryptocurrency through mining because that income is taxable.
  • Form 8949. Every transaction involving a cryptocurrency investment is recorded using this form. Included here should be the quantity of cryptocurrency, the date and price at which you purchased it, the date and price at which you sold it, as well as your profit or loss on each transaction.
  • Schedule C. If you received coins from mining, you must state whether you did so for profit or pleasure. If you operate a cryptocurrency mining business, you might have to pay self-employment taxes if your annual income is greater than your annual outlays.
  • Schedule D. This form lists all of your investments, including cryptocurrency, and the total capital gains and losses you have made.
  • Schedule SE. If you received any cryptocurrency income from self-employment, you could use this form.

File Your Taxes

You can sync your online tax software of choice with any software you use to keep records, such as CoinTracker or Koinly. After that, submit your combined state and federal tax returns using the online tax software.

For those seeking one-stop shopping, TokenTax offers a full range of accounting services to track and prepare both your regular and cryptocurrency taxes.

Consider Hiring a Professional

Being that the laws governing cryptocurrencies are constantly changing, preparing for cryptocurrency taxes can be difficult.

A certified public accountant (CPA) who specializes in this type of tax work may be worth hiring if you’ve earned a sizable income from cryptocurrency so that you don’t have to deal with the IRS later.

How to Report Crypto Mining on Your Taxes – Business Vs. Hobby

How to report cryptocurrency mining on taxes each year depends on whether you do it as a hobby or professionally under the auspices of a legal enterprise. For instance, cryptocurrency miners operating as a business can write off some costs.

Here’s a breakdown of the tax effects of cryptocurrency mining for both businesses and individuals.

Crypto Mining as a Hobby

Bitcoin, Ethereum, or other cryptocurrencies mined as a hobby are reported on your Form 1040 Schedule 1 on Line 8 as “Other Income.” It is subject to income tax at your tax bracket’s rate.

Crypto Mining Taxes: 2023 Ultimate Guide

The simplest way to tax mining is in this manner. However, hobby mining is not deductible as a business expense.

Crypto Mining as a Business

You must incorporate or set up a sole proprietorship in order to legally establish your mining operation as a business. Sole proprietorships don’t need to file any legal documents, but they also have no liability insurance. For this reason, many opt to incorporate their cryptocurrency business as a pass-through entity (a partnership, LLC, or S corporation).

You might need to file and pay cryptocurrency self-employment taxes depending on the legal structure you choose for your mining business.

Bitcoin profits are shown as income on your Form 1040 Schedule C if you decide to run your mining operation as a business.

Crypto Mining Taxes: 2023 Ultimate Guide

Crypto Mining Tax Deductions

We mentioned that those who run cryptocurrency mining businesses are eligible for a number of deductions in the section about filing taxes for the industry. These deductions include the following:

  • Electricity expenses. Electricity is used exclusively for mining by all cryptocurrency miners, so you can write off the cost of that electricity. If you have a physical location for your business, you can use the meter there to calculate deductions, but if you work from home, you might want to get a separate meter for business to ensure accuracy.
  • Equipment costs. On your tax return, you may deduct any mining-related equipment costs from your mining income. Equipment could consist of mining software, hardware, and the cost of keeping cryptocurrency wallets up to date.
  • Repairs. Any money spent on repairing your mining equipment might be tax deductible.
  • Rented space. Some of your rent may be deductible if you rent an office specifically for your cryptocurrency mining business. Crypto miners who work from home should keep meticulous records of how much space is used exclusively for mining because that may qualify for the business use of home deduction to lower their tax burden.

It is outside the purview of this post to explain all of the additional costs that crypto miners may be able to deduct from their income. Maintaining meticulous records is crucial when taking any kind of business deduction. Any significant deductions will probably be noted by the IRS, and incomplete documentation may cause issues in the event of an audit. You can increase your deductions while lowering the possibility of an audit by working with a skilled crypto tax professional.

Tips for Minimizing Your Crypto Mining Tax Liability

At Cook Martin Poulson, we constantly strive to help our clients reduce their tax obligations. Tax deductions for crypto mining businesses are something you already know about. Here are some additional suggestions to reduce your tax liability associated with cryptocurrency mining.

Find Ways to Lower Your Taxable Income

Any action you take to lower your taxable income will result in financial savings if you mine as a hobby. You might start a health savings account or make a contribution to a retirement plan like a 401(k) or an IRA. Retirement plan withdrawals will be subject to taxation, but if you are retired, your taxable income is probably going to be lower than it is now.

Programs for health savings accounts present a special chance to expand your investment portfolio. Consider an HSA because it offers three tax benefits.

Gift Your Cryptocurrency to Family Members

The IRS permits taxpayers to give gifts to family members (or others) each year up to the $16,000 annual exclusion amount. Remember that if you give someone a cryptocurrency, their cost basis will transfer to them, and they will be responsible for paying taxes on any gains they make from selling the cryptocurrency.

Sell Older Cryptocurrency First

Since you must pay capital gains tax on any cryptocurrency holdings you have held for longer than a year, you can minimize your taxes by selling your older holdings first and letting your newer purchases mature before you sell them.

Partner With a Cryptocurrency Tax Expert

Working with a seasoned cryptocurrency accountant is one of the best ways to ensure that you take full advantage of all opportunities to reduce your crypto mining taxes. Our cryptocurrency team has the expertise and knowledge to guide you through the nuances of cryptocurrency taxation and make sure you never pay more than is necessary.

What Happens If You Don’t Report Cryptocurrency on Taxes?

If the IRS audits you and discovers that you failed to report a crypto-taxable event, you may be subject to interest, fines, or even legal action. If you fail to properly report your transactions, fail to report your income and pay taxes on cryptocurrency, or both, you might even get a letter from the IRS.


It is crucial for ethical and legal mining practices to have a thorough understanding of the tax repercussions of cryptocurrency mining. Miners can successfully navigate the tax landscape by understanding the fundamentals of tax obligations, identifying taxable events, maximizing deductions, and remaining current with reporting requirements. To ensure accurate reporting and to maximize tax results, it is highly advised that you consult with a tax professional. Use your Antminer L7 with confidence while staying informed, compliant, and in the know.


Do You Pay Taxes on Crypto Mining?

Typically yes, whether you sell your mined crypto or not, you’ll be subject to income taxes. Crypto mining tax is levied on US taxpayers who receive mined cryptocurrency as income from rewards or sell it for a profit. Capital gains taxes won’t be due if you choose not to sell your mining rewards.

How Does the IRS Know If You Mined Crypto?

The IRS has the ability to monitor a wide range of cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, Ether, and others. The IRS does this by collecting KYC data from centralized exchanges.

Do You Have to Report Crypto under $600?

You still need to report your earnings to the IRS even if you earned less than $600. When it serves subpoenas on virtual trading platforms, the IRS can also access your cryptocurrency activity.

What Tax Forms Do You Need for Crypto?

Which form you might or might not need will depend on the activity type. Forms like Form 1040, Form 8949, Schedule C, Schedule D, and Schedule SE may be frequently used in crypto-tax filings.

Do I Have to Report Crypto Losses on My Taxes?

Capital gains on cryptocurrency losses are not subject to capital gains taxes. However, since you can offset your losses against your gains on your tax bill, you shouldn’t just write it off as a bad investment.

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