Immersion Cooling for ASIC Miners: Enhancing Efficiency and Performance


Discover how immersion cooling revolutionizes ASIC miner (including Antminer L7) cooling. Enhance efficiency, performance, and longevity. 

Cryptocurrency mining has become increasingly competitive, and ASIC (Application-Specific Integrated Circuit) miners play a vital role in this process. However, the powerful computational capabilities of ASIC miners generate significant heat, necessitating efficient cooling solutions. In this blog post, we will explore immersion cooling as an innovative approach to address the cooling challenges faced by ASIC miners.

Traditional Cooling Methods for ASIC Miners

Air cooling, the most common method for cooling ASIC miners, has limitations in terms of efficiency and cooling capacity. Liquid cooling offers better cooling capabilities, but it still has certain drawbacks, such as increased complexity and maintenance requirements.

Immersion Cooling

Immersion cooling is a revolutionary cooling technique that goes beyond the limitations of traditional methods. It involves submerging ASIC miners directly into a non-conductive liquid coolant, such as engineered fluids or mineral oils. This process maximizes heat dissipation and offers numerous benefits for ASIC miners.

These fluids absorb the heat produced by the ASICs and disperse it through two possible methods depending on the type of dielectric fluid used:

  • Single-phase: The system pumps the heated-up liquid to a heat exchanger – a device that transfers heat between two fluids. The exchanger then transfers the heat from the fluid to a cold water circuit and returns the coolant liquid to the bath, restarting the process.
  • Two-phase: Other coolant fluids evaporate when they reach a specific temperature. In this method, when the coolant turns to a gaseous state, the gas rises, meets a condenser – used to turn a gaseous substance into a liquid form through cooling – and drips back into the pool. Then, the condenser releases the heat through the air.

In both cases, the immersion liquids dissipate the heat from the bath, keeping the temperature of ASIC miners low in an effective and energy-efficient manner.

Benefits of Immersion Cooling for ASIC Miners

Immersion Cooling for ASIC Miners: Enhancing Efficiency and Performance

Immersion cooling offers many advantages to miners when compared to other heat dissipation systems like ventilation through fans or air conditioning.

The most significant are:

Optimizing and saving space

This cooling technology considerably reduces the required space and infrastructure costs of a mining facility. Immersion baths enable you to fit more ASIC miners in smaller spaces.

Boosting ASIC miner performance and preservation

Submerging ASICs in cooling fluids not only dissipates the heat they produce but also protects and preserves them from vibrations and contaminants like dirt or dust. Furthermore, this prevents equipment failure and broken parts, extends hardware lifespan, and improves miner performance.

Reducing power consumption

Liquids are much more efficient as heat conductors than air. As a consequence, replacing fans and AC units with immersion cooling systems can instantly reduce power consumption by up to 50%. It’s important to remember that electricity is mining’s highest recurrent cost. As such, cutting its consumption has a significant positive impact on profitability.

Reducing noise

ASIC miners produce considerable noise, which can be very annoying and even damaging to your hearing. However, immersion fluid suppresses noise and makes submerged ASICs virtually silent.

Case Studies and Real-World Examples

Several companies and projects have successfully implemented immersion cooling for ASIC miners, showcasing the effectiveness and practicality of this cooling solution. Let’s explore a couple of notable case studies:

  1. Green Revolution Cooling (GRC): GRC is a company specializing in immersion cooling solutions for data centers and cryptocurrency mining operations. They have implemented their patented CarnotJet cooling system in multiple mining facilities, delivering impressive results. One such facility, located in the United States, achieved a 40% reduction in energy consumption compared to traditional air cooling methods. The immersion cooling technology enabled ASIC miners to operate at lower temperatures, increasing their lifespan and reducing the need for maintenance. GRC’s case study highlights the energy efficiency and cost-saving advantages of immersion cooling in real-world mining environments.
  2. Allied Control: Allied Control, a Hong Kong-based company, implemented immersion cooling for their cryptocurrency mining operation. In collaboration with BitFury, a leading blockchain technology company, Allied Control achieved notable results. By utilizing 3M Novec Engineered Fluids as the cooling medium, they were able to achieve unprecedented cooling efficiency and energy savings. The immersion cooling solution allowed for high-density mining with minimal space requirements, resulting in a 95% reduction in cooling-related energy consumption. This case study demonstrates the potential for immersion cooling to enable efficient and sustainable mining operations.
  3. Project XiangShan: Project XiangShan, led by the Institute of Computing Technology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is an ambitious research initiative focused on developing energy-efficient ASIC miners for cryptocurrency mining. As part of their project, they integrated immersion cooling to maximize the performance and longevity of their ASIC miners. Through immersion cooling, Project XiangShan achieved significantly lower operating temperatures, resulting in improved mining efficiency and reduced energy consumption. Their work underscores the importance of cooling optimization in enhancing ASIC mining performance.

These case studies highlight the successful implementation of immersion cooling for ASIC miners in various mining environments. By leveraging the advantages of immersion cooling, such as improved cooling efficiency, energy savings, and extended ASIC miner’s lifespan, companies and projects have achieved substantial performance enhancements and cost reductions. These real-world examples demonstrate the viability and potential of immersion cooling as a game-changing solution in the cryptocurrency mining industry.

It’s important to note that as immersion cooling continues to gain traction, more case studies and success stories are expected to emerge, further solidifying its position as a leading cooling solution for ASIC miners.

Comparison with Other Cooling Solutions

When comparing immersion cooling with traditional cooling methods such as air and liquid cooling, immersion cooling stands out in several key aspects.

  1. Cooling Efficiency: Immersion cooling surpasses air cooling by a wide margin in terms of cooling efficiency. Air cooling relies on fans to dissipate heat, which can be limited by the thermal conductivity of air and the efficiency of the fans themselves. Immersion cooling, on the other hand, directly immerses the ASIC miners in a cooling fluid, maximizing heat transfer and achieving more efficient cooling.
  2. Complexity and Maintenance: Liquid cooling, while more efficient than air cooling, requires intricate plumbing systems, pumps, and radiators to circulate coolant throughout the system. This complexity can lead to maintenance challenges and potential points of failure. Immersion cooling, by contrast, simplifies the cooling infrastructure by immersing the miners in a single coolant, reducing the number of components and potential maintenance issues.
  3. Energy Efficiency: Immersion cooling offers notable energy efficiency advantages. Air cooling systems consume significant amounts of energy to power the fans needed for heat dissipation. In immersion cooling, the absence of fans results in reduced energy consumption. The elimination of air as a cooling medium also reduces the impact of dust and other contaminants, minimizing the need for frequent cleaning and maintenance.
  4. Scalability: Immersion cooling demonstrates excellent scalability potential. As the demand for cryptocurrency mining increases, miners often expand their operations by adding more ASIC miners. Immersion cooling can easily accommodate such growth without requiring major modifications to the cooling infrastructure. This scalability enables miners to efficiently scale up their operations while maintaining optimal cooling performance.

Challenges and Future Developments

While immersion cooling presents numerous advantages, there are a few challenges and areas for future development that are worth considering:

  1. Initial Costs: The upfront investment required for setting up an immersion cooling system can be higher compared to traditional cooling methods. The cost of the coolant, specialized tanks, and other immersion cooling components contribute to the initial expenses. However, as immersion cooling technology advances and becomes more widely adopted, it is expected that economies of scale will drive down the costs associated with implementation.
  2. Safety Considerations: Immersion cooling introduces the use of coolant fluids, which must be carefully selected to ensure they are non-conductive and compatible with the hardware. Safety precautions are necessary to prevent leaks or spills that could damage the ASIC miners. Continued research and development are focused on optimizing coolant properties, enhancing safety measures, and mitigating potential risks.
  3. Industry Adoption and Standards: Immersion cooling is still an emerging technology in the field of cryptocurrency mining. Wider adoption and the establishment of industry standards are necessary for its broader acceptance. Collaboration among mining hardware manufacturers, cooling solution providers, and industry organizations can help drive the development of best practices and standards for immersion cooling implementation.
  4. Environmental Impact: While immersion cooling reduces energy consumption, it raises questions about the environmental impact of disposing or recycling the cooling fluids. Further research into environmentally friendly coolant options and recycling processes will contribute to making immersion cooling more sustainable.

Looking ahead, future developments in immersion cooling are expected to address these challenges and drive further innovation. Advancements in cooling fluids, such as the exploration of new materials with improved thermal properties, can lead to more efficient cooling solutions. Additionally, the optimization of immersion cooling system designs and the development of standardized practices will enhance reliability, reduce costs, and encourage wider adoption.


Immersion cooling represents a game-changing solution for cooling ASIC miners in cryptocurrency mining operations. With its superior cooling efficiency, improved performance, and energy savings, immersion cooling is poised to revolutionize the industry. As the demand for efficient mining solutions continues to grow, adopting immersion cooling technology can provide miners with a competitive edge and contribute to a more sustainable and profitable mining ecosystem.


How Do You Cool Down ASIC Miners?

ASIC miners can be cooled down through various methods, including:

  1. Utilizing fans or blowers to move air around the ASIC miners will allow heat to be removed through convection. This cooling technique is the most typical and fundamental.
  2. Using liquid cooling systems, such as heat sinks or water blocks, to transfer heat away from the ASIC miners. A more complicated setup is needed for liquid cooling, which has the potential to be more effective than air cooling.
  3. ASIC miners are immersed in a liquid coolant that efficiently dissipates heat by absorbing it. This technique is known as immersion cooling. Because of its effectiveness and minimal maintenance requirements, immersion cooling is growing in popularity.

Each cooling technique has pros and cons, and the choice is based on things like cooling needs, scalability, energy efficiency, and financial limitations.

Read more: Effective Cooling Solutions to Keep Antminer L7 Cool

What Temperature Should ASIC Immersion Cooling Be

The recommended coolant temperature is 50-65 degrees for Antminer S9 (for other equipment, it may differ). Overheating protection is built into the appliance. It is between 68 and 72 degrees inside.

Is Immersion Cooling Worth It?

In switching to immersion cooling, miners no longer require those energy-draining equipment and can save up to 50% in energy costs. Additionally, the liquid is a far better heat conductor than air.

What is the Best Liquid for Immersion Cooling?

Water is one of the best choices for liquid cooling applications due to its high heat capacity and thermal conductivity.

Is Immersion Cooling Better Than Liquid Cooling?

When you compare the two methods, immersion cooling outpowers direct liquid cooling. Immersion cooling enables you to achieve the energy efficiency required to run a large-scale data center, even though direct liquid cooling is excellent for small and medium data centers.

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